FIES FIBER GUIDER
The FIES Fiber Guider (hereafter 'fibguider') is a secondary guiding system that intends to keep the
target centered on the fiber during an exposure. Under typical conditions, the fibguider
will keep the target centered on the fiber within 0.05 arcseconds during the exposure.
The fibguider uses the StanCam fibmovie images as basis for an analysis and tweaks the telescope
pointing as necessary. The fibguider needs a certain amount of reflected light from the target around
the fiber to work. For faint targets and/or using the lowres fiber, the fibguider will not be able to pick
up enough light for an analysis. In this case, the telescope autoguiding system will be the only active guiding
system. The fibguider starts to operate from the first fibmovie image. This means that the initial acquisition of the
target onto the fiber is significantly faster.
The fibguider is designed to be fully autonomous, with no or very little user interaction. The DS9 display,
showing the StanCam fibmovie images, will at all times show various fibguider indicators. It is important to understand the
meaning of each of these indicators to detect any anormalities in the guiding system. The indicators are as follows:
- Green Cross: Reference fiber position. Offsets
are always calculate and applied with respect to this point. Hence, this cross should always indicate the actual
center of the fiber. In case the green cross does not coincide with the actual center of the fiber, it may be
necessary to update the reference position as described below.
- Green Circle: The outermask circle, outside
which the image analysis will not take place.
- Blue Cross: Calculated fiber position. The actual fiber position can shift with up to several pixels
from pointing to pointing, fiber to fiber, and up to one pixel during an exposure. The fibguider tries to find the fiber center
after each image and indicates this position by a blue cross. If the calculated fiber position consistently deviates
by more than 0.2 pixels from the reference position, the fibguider will automatically update the reference position
to the new calculated value. This will be seen as a shift in the green cross position.
- Red X: The calculated centroid of the object on the fiber. A new centroid is calculated for each incoming
image. The distance to the reference fiber position is calculated and a lowpass filter is applied. Based on the result of the calculation,
a telescope offset may be applied to bring the star closer to the center of the fiber. In case no centroid can be calculated (too faint,
too cloudy, lowres fiber), no red X will be shown.
The Talker window will hold a lot of information from the fibguider. Whenever the fibguider decides that a telescope offset is required,
the corresponding offset is clearly shown in the Talker on a green background. Keeping an eye on the Talker output while fiber guiding is
recommended. If multiple objects are detected within the outermask as indicated by the green circle, the fibguider will issue a warning
in the Talker window. To avoid the fibguider pulling in the wrong object onto the fiber, is is possible that in this case fiber guiding should be
Another tool to monitor the fibguider performance is the TCS Status Display window. One of the guiding plot options is
'Fiber Guider', which allows you to track the position of the star with respect to the reference fiber position.
Enabling/Disabling fiber guiding
The orange colored handset allows the user to enable/disable fiber guiding. By default the fiber guiding is enabled.
When guiding is enabled, no manual telescope offset is possible; The cursor
keys to apply offsets are grey. Disabling the fibguider allows the telescope to be offset manually. Fiber guiding can be enabled
and disabled during an exposure. Be aware though that once the fibguider is enabled, the reference guiding position will always be that of the
green cross, no matter any manual offsets that may have been applied. Again, it is very important that the green cross always indicates the
actual center of the fiber. Enabling and disabling the fibguider does not change the appearance of the DS9 image. Calculations of the fiber position
and target centroid still takes place and are indicated continously. Disabling the guiding will however disable any telescope offsets and fiber
position updates that otherwise would have taken place.
Updating the reference fiber position
If the green cross does not coincide with the actual center of the fiber, you may want to update the position manually.
This is particularly important at the beginning of the exposure, and even more important when switching between fibers
and/or at the begining of the night as the mismatch between the reference fiber position and the actual position can be several
pixels. The fibguider will need a relatively long time to correctly determine the fiber position by itself, thus it is highly
recommended that you update the fiber position manually. The sequencer command to execute is fibpos-man <fibernr>.
This command brings up an interactive imexam session. With the mouse, place the cursor at the position in the DS9 image that
corresponds to the fiber center. Press 'x' to mark this point, then press 'q' to quit the imexam session. The fiber reference position
is updated immediately, and the telescope is offset to bring the target onto this position.